Three different words one meaning. It simply means Carnival in english. Carnival is a regional festival and is celebrated in different ways according to different local traditions. It?s known as:
Karneval in the Rheinland area.
Fastnacht around the city of Mainz (‘fasting night’, or eve of Lent, the period of fasting).
Fasching around the city of Munich (M?nchen) and in Austria.
Fastnacht is related to the Germanic word ?fasten? (to fast, abstain from eating).
Karneval is related to the Latin ?carnem levare? (to remove meat)
Carnival season (season nang mga baliw at ng gustong magpaka baliw like me) is a time of wild fancy-dress parties and costume-balls (hihihi kong hindi lang malamig 3 band-aid ay pwede nang isuot…oh what a daring thought), which are open to the public. Carnival reaches its climax in big street processions with elaborately decorated floats, usually on Rosenmontag. Carnival celebrations happen mainly in the Catholic parts of Germany. Nevertheless, Karneval parties do occur in some places in the north of Germany.
Officially it starts “am elften elften elf Uhr elf” (11th November at 11:11am) and continues in a fairly low-key way for about three months before the Tolle Tage (Crazy Days) which climax on Rosenmontag, the 42nd day before Easter. Carnival season is traditionally seen as a chance for people to go wild and at magladlad ng kanilang kapa before Lent starts on Ash Wednesday. In the Christian church Lent is a serious time before Easter for fasting (I’m a bad christian kaya kumakain pa rin ako kahit Fastenzeit) and making up for your sins and mistakes (every year I get confused where to start dahil sa dami ng kasalanan ko).
Carnivals are held in southern German cities, and in the Rheinland cities of Mainz, Aachen, Bonn and D?sseldorf. The biggest and zaniest Karneval is in K?ln. The first written record of the K?ln carnival is from the year 1341. K?ln has the Dreigestirn (three Stars): the Carnival Prince (known as Seine Tollit?t, ?His Craziness?), the Bauer (peasant) and the Jungfrau (virgin). The Jungfrau has always been a man. It is a great honour to be a member of the Dreigestirn, and they are elected each October from the members of K?ln?s 105 historic carnival associations.
Army officerThe K?ln carnival involves heaps of street-parties and pub-parties, with people disguising themselves in all sorts of ways. In fact, on Rosenmontag you stand out as unusual if you aren?t wearing
some sort of mad costume or haven?t painted a clown-face on yourself. At the parades and costume-balls people are dressed as sheiks, Vikings (with hairy coats and horned helmets), Attila the Hun, clowns and harlequins, devils, witches, animals, or fruit, and in many other creative ways.
K?ln?s many Karneval associations put a lot of effort into building and decorating the floats for the Rosenmontag parade. As the floats pass by, the costumed people on board them pelt the street crowds with lollies and sweets. The people are like hungry animals na nagtutulakan at nag-aagawan. Minsan if your’re not careful it might happen na matatamaan ka sa mga pinagtatapon na candies. When we watch parade we always have umbrella with us. It serves not only as protection kundi pansalo na rin ( it’s only possible kong babaligtarin ito).
Weiberfastnacht (women?s carnival night) is the Thursday before Rosenmontag, and it is tradition that women are allowed to cut off the tie of any man within reach (our boss and male colleagues were our victims), and to kiss any man they want to (yikes). Women going out that night to pubs take scissors with them. Rosenmontag is not an official holiday but in areas of Germany that celebrate Karneval, workers usually get the day off. On Rosenmontag German television devotes a lot of time to Karneval am Rhein.
As described above, Karneval is associated with festivals of the Christian church (wild partying before Lent begins). However, it goes back to pagan times, and was a way of driving out the evil spirits of winter and encouraging the coming of spring and good crops. Ugly masks worn for this purpose are still worn in carnival festivals in southern Germany.
Karneval can be traced back to pagan Roman festivals, which may explain why K?ln and Mainz, two ancient cities with Roman history, have such big carnivals. In the Middle Ages, Karneval gave the people a break from the tightly structured class system, as they were able to hide their social background behind imaginative masks and costumes. Poor people were able to mix with all other levels of society and share fun with them. In those days people would dress up as knights, damsels and even priests, as a way of making fun of them. In a similar way, people these days sometimes wear masks which make fun of well-known politicians or celebrities.
The Wiking => dedicated to Stella’s son 🙂
I myself love to wear funny costumes, I even sewed clown costume for each one of us not knowing na hindi ko rin pala magagamit this year dahil uuwi ako. Poor Kathleen, she has to go alone this time…